By Iain McCalman, Jon Mee, Gillian Russell, Clara Tuite, Kate Fullagar, Patsy Hardy
For the 1st time, this leading edge reference booklet surveys the Romantic Age via all points of British tradition, instead of in literary or creative phrases by myself. This multi-disciplinary method treats Romanticism either in aesthetic terms--its that means for portray, tune, layout, structure, and literature--and as a historic epoch of "revolutionary" adjustments which ushered in glossy democratic and industrialized society.
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Extra info for An Oxford Companion to The Romantic Age: British Culture 1776-1832
The sheer volume of counter-invasion propaganda, most of it directed at the lower orders, itself indicates the strength of the drive for mass mobilization. Moreover, the language and imagery of these broadsides were those of ‘total’ war; Napoleon was depicted as a tyrant who would consign the population to slavery, and his army as a raping, murdering, plundering horde. It is much more difﬁcult to determine whether this national mobilization, quite unprecedented in its scale and intensity, signiﬁcantly altered British society.
National defence, the most important matter of all to the state, was a loosely articulated system which linked the counties only weakly and depended heavily on local initiative and compliance. One might even argue that during the war the British state was recognizable in its medieval form as an imperfect federation of local communities complete with magnateled forces (the militia) and raw levies (the volunteers). All this may be said by way of claiming that war nationalism did not supplant but rather coexisted with local concerns and still quite ﬁerce local loyalties.
Another product of Scottish militarism was the planned National Monument on Edinburgh’s Calton Hill, which, though never completed, was to be built by public subscription and, at one time at least, was intended to be ‘a hallowed place of record’ detailing the service of all Scots in the war down to the volunteer rank and ﬁle. The continuation of the Scottish regiments after the war, maintained from 1825 by permanent depots in the country, played a vital role in the development of Scottish national consciousness.