By Gina Misiroglu
Counterculture, whereas usual to explain youth-oriented activities through the Sixties, refers to any try to problem or swap traditional values and practices or the dominant life of the day. This interesting three-volume set explores those hobbies in the USA from colonial instances to the current in colourful element. "American Countercultures" is the 1st reference paintings to ascertain the influence of countercultural pursuits on American social heritage. It highlights the writings, recordings, and visible works produced by way of those pursuits to teach, motivate, and incite motion in all eras of the nation's historical past. A-Z entries supply a wealth of data on personalities, areas, occasions, innovations, ideals, teams, and practices. The set contains quite a few illustrations, an issue finder, fundamental resource files, a bibliography and a filmography, and an index.
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Extra info for American Countercultures: An Encyclopedia of Nonconformists, Alternative Lifestyles, and Radical Ideas in U.S. History
Nonetheless, deeply embedded racial prejudices would lead to further injustices, protests, and countercultural activities among African Americans for more than a century to come. Reconstruction to the Great Migration Despite the end of slavery, cultural and ethnic differences were engrained in eighteenth-and nineteenth-century American culture and remained a source of cultural conflict. African American countercultures following the Civil War largely revolved around the fight to implement the rights guaranteed by the new amendments, the establishment of separate African American institutions, and the continuing desire for African Americans to leave the South.
The apparent unity of the movement began to shatter with the emergence of other counterculture factions with different agendas and interests—such as the Black Muslim nationalist movement, the militant Black Power movement, and others—both fractious and unifying. The charismatic Black Muslim spokesman Malcolm X, after a trip to Mecca, left the Nation of Islam and founded his own mosque in Harlem in 1964, only to be assassinated the following year. Also in 1965, Maulana Karenga, a scholar and political activist in Los Angeles, founded US, an organization that promoted Pan-Africanism.
Vietnam to the Millennium African Americans were prominent in the major counterculture movements of the 1960s and 1970s, including the Free Speech Movement, the anti–Vietnam War movement, the women’s rights movement, and the gay liberation movement. In the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, American society began to record a number of firsts on the part of African American citizens: Cheryl A. S. military (1975). At the same time, several major cities elected their first black mayors; the number of African American members of Congress rose steadily; and African American men and women took positions as federal judges and leaders of national service organizations.