Download Alfred B. Xuma: African, American, South African by Steven D. Gish PDF

By Steven D. Gish

A biography of Dr. A.B. Xuma, the American-educated President of the African nationwide Congress within the Nineteen Forties, and the 1st western-trained black South African surgeon to perform drugs in Johannesburg.

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68 The activities of John Dube in particular contributed to Tuskegee's high profile in South Africa. In 1897, Dube met Booker T. Washington in the United States and gave the commencement address at Tuskegee. Greatly impressed by Washington's educational philosophies, Dube returned to South Africa and founded a school modeled after Tuskegee four years later. Dube's Ohlange Institute became widely known in South Africa for emulating Washington's methods. Run entirely by blacks, its curriculum stressed industrial education and the need for Africans to develop self-sufficiency as a precursor 'Seeds and Roots/ 1893-1913 23 to gaining full political rights.

For Africans in South Africa between the 1890s and the 1910s, Tuskegee stood out as a shining beacon of hope for black social and economic upliftment. 68 The activities of John Dube in particular contributed to Tuskegee's high profile in South Africa. In 1897, Dube met Booker T. Washington in the United States and gave the commencement address at Tuskegee. Greatly impressed by Washington's educational philosophies, Dube returned to South Africa and founded a school modeled after Tuskegee four years later.

Xuma may have enjoyed teaching, but his destiny lay elsewhere. Sometime between his last few years at Clarkebury and the 18 months he spent teaching, Xuma decided to continue his quest for education in the United States. It would be one of the most momentous decisions of his life. American aspirations Xuma first began to think about the possibility of studying overseas as he was finishing his teacher training course at Clarkebury. 55 He was particularly inspired by the accomplishments of five recent returnees who had earned their law degrees overseas: Alfred Mangena, George Montsioa, Richard Msimang, Henry Poswayo, and Pixley Seme.

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