By Donald L. Horowitz
Can a society as deeply divided as South Africa turn into democratic? In a so much well timed paintings, Donald L. Horowitz, writer of the acclaimed Ethnic teams in clash, issues to the stipulations that make democracy an out of this world final result in South Africa. while, he identifies how one can conquer those hindrances, and he describes associations that provide structure makers the simplest probability for a democratic future.South Africa is mostly thought of an remoted case, a rustic not like the other. Drawing on his huge event of racially and ethnically divided societies, even though, Horowitz brings South Africa again into African and comparative politics. adventure won in Nigeria, Botswana, Zimbabwe, and different divided societies world wide is appropriate simply because, as South Africa leaves apartheid in the back of, it is going to nonetheless confront difficulties of pluralism: racial, ethnic, and ideological. nations like South Africa, Horowitz argues, needs to improve associations able to dealing with such divisions.Reviewing an array of constitutional proposals for South Africa--group rights, consociation, partition, binationalism, and an more advantageous position for the judiciary--Horowitz exhibits that the majority are beside the point for the country's difficulties, otherwise run afoul of a few significant ideological taboo. associations which are either apt and applicable do exist, even though. those are premised at the have to create incentives for lodging throughout team traces. within the ultimate bankruptcy, Horowitz makes a massive contribution to the speculation of democratization as he considers how commitments to democracy should be extracted even from political teams with undemocratic objectives.Ranging skillfully throughout stories of social distance and stereotypes, electoral and occasion platforms, constitutions and judiciaries, clash and lodging, and negotiation and democratization, Horowitz screens a huge comparative imaginative and prescient. His cutting edge examine will switch the best way theorists and practitioners process the duty of creating democracy paintings in tricky stipulations.
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Extra resources for A Democratic South Africa?: Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society (Perspectives on Southern Africa, No 46)
95. 24. , p. 103. 25. See Gwendolen M. Carter, The Politics of Inequality: South Africa since 1948, 2d ed. (New York: Praeger, 1959), pp. 2738. 26. See Milton J. Esman, "Ethnic Politics and Economic Power," Comparative Politics 19, no. 4 (July 1987): 395418, at 40610. 27. Giliomee, "The Growth of Afrikaner Identity," p. 115. Page 11 segregation. In the 1950s, the government put in place a network of statutes to separate the races spatially and socially. The Population Registration Act (1950) assigned every person to a racial category.
Weekly Mail (Johannesburg), November 1723, 1989. , The Prisoners of Tradition and the Politics of Nation Building, pp. 2526. Page 6 require no constitutional checks and balances. Rather than parliamentary democracy, South Africa needs representation on a class basis in a socialist society. ) 6. A Black Consciousness View. South Africa is a society divided by the oppression of color. Once those oppressed by color find the means to overcome their oppression, South Africa can become a socialist, revolutionary state.
In the comparative perspective in which South Africa needs to be set, these inauspicious conditions make the attempt at democratization all the more interesting and important. A successful democratization would teach rich lessons in how to bridge cleavages, how to design appropriate institutions, how to foster conciliation, how to thwart an array of undemocratic impulses. If democracy endures in South Africa, more fortunately situated countries will have ground for greater optimism. The special problems of racially and ethnically divided societies require more than the usual measure of democratic ingenuity.